How can physiotherapy help correct biomechanical problems?
As physiotherapists we are extremely well trained in identifying and treating biomechanical problems through using exercise therapy and certain manual therapy techniques (soft tissue massage, joint mobilisations, trigger point release, joint manipulations to name a few).
The examples above include knee pain which is caused by weakness to the muscles surround the hip. Through prescribing specific exercises designed to strengthen and improve the neuromuscular control of the hip muscles, the mechanics of the hip can be improved which will allow the knee to work in the correct manner and reduce irritation/injury.
Another example includes a footballer who suffers with low back pain because of tight quadriceps muscles. The physiotherapist can provide soft tissue massage and a thorough stretching programme, targeting the quadriceps muscles improving their length and the range of movement at the hip. This will off load the lower back allowing it to move within its normal range and reduce the risk of injury.
Finally, the example of the runner who suffers with pain to their Achilles tendon caused by over pronation at the foot. The physiotherapist can provide soft tissue massage to the calf muscles and the fascia under the foot (plantarfascia), as well as prescribing intrinsic exercises to the foot and ankle, improving their stability. At Total Physiotherapy we can also provide foot orthotics that prevent over pronation and ensure the Achilles tendon functions in the correct manner.